Karl Radek i Bjuro meždunarodnoj informacii CK VKP(b), 1932-1934 gg.
Karl Radek and the Bureau of International Information of the CPSU’s Central Committee, 1932-1934.
This article studies the short-lived history of the Bureau of International Information (BMI) of the CPSU’s Central Committee. The creation of this bureau can be explained by a crisis in the activities of regular foreign policy institutions in the early 1930s as well as by a growing tendency towards authoritarianism, the tightening of Stalin’s control over the activities of party and state organs. According to the author, the BMI was rather the informal institution of Stalin’s personal plenipotentiary than a regular administration. Therefore, the analysis deals mainly with the activities of the BMI’s director Karl Radek. From 1932 to 1934, these activities were primarily focused on political relations between the USSR, Poland and Germany. Radek developed a concept of Soviet foreign policy that he placed at the core of his negotiations with Pi¬sudski’s representatives. This concept aimed at establishing a sound collaboration between the USSR and Poland based on their anti-German sentiment, and at turning Poland from a major potential enemy of the Soviet Union into a strategic partner. The defeat of Radek’s ideas and the crisis that took place in the Soviet-Polish rapprochement in late 1933 and early 1934 brought about the decline of his influence and of that of the BMI. The bureau definitely closed in 1936. The analysis is based on Soviet and Polish archival documents and printed diplomatic documents and memoirs.
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Pour citer cet article
Oleg KEN, « Karl Radek i Bjuro meždunarodnoj informacii CK VKP(b), 1932-1934 gg. », Cahiers du monde russe [En ligne], 44/1 | 2003, mis en ligne le 01 janvier 2007, Consulté le 28 mars 2017. URL : http://monderusse.revues.org/8603Haut de page
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