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Valeurs familiales

Desirable Ubiquity?

Family strategies of donation and commemoration in Muscovy
Désirable ubiquité  ? Stratégies familiales de donation et de commémoration en Moscovie
Ludwig Steindorff
p. 641‑665

Zusammenfassungen

The study is designed to check an assumption according to which donors to monasteries were interested in being present “with the saints” at as many places as possible in order to secure the spiritual advantage of commemoration for their relatives. Comparison of documents from different monasteries appears to be the most promising methodology to learn more about the distribution of donations. The author starts with the table in the appendix to the edition of the book of feasts (Kormovaia kniga) of the Iosifo‑Volokolamskii monastery that dates from 1581. The table contains 216entries of persons who were commemorated by an annual korm at that time. According to the donation books and feast books of the Troitse‑Sergiev, Kirillov, and Simonov monasteries, 72of these persons were commemorated in one or more of these cloisters. The results of the differentiation of the data by “estates,” gender, by lay persons and by monks fit with the results of former research on the basis of other source groups. The higher the estate, the higher the share of women, the lower the share of monks, and the more probable the presence at different monasteries. The distribution of commemorations at other monasteries reflects the dominating position of the Troitse‑Sergiev monastery. Donors tended to concentrate their large donations on one monastery and avoid scattering their fortunes. Last, the author argues that in general the network of places at which people from Muscovy were used to being commemorated is contained within the territory of Muscovy.

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Aufbau

Premises : regularities in memorial practice ; the sources
Differentiation by “estates”
Places of commemoration
What combinations of places of commemoration appear ?
General conclusions
Post scriptum : Commemoration abroad
Annexe

Übersicht

The topic “Family relations and social mobility in Russia from the 16th to the 18thcentury,” to which this volume is devoted, includes numerous aspects of accesses to research: marriage patterns, the economic and social situation of families, household and everyday life, piety, patterns of career, the attitude towards children, the care of the sick and disabled, etc. It includes also the attitude towards death and the dead: behavior in expectation of the death of someone within the family, burial ceremonies, sepulchral culture, and finally, the permanent commemoration of the dead in churches and monasteries on the basis of larger and smaller donations.

The relevant sources concerning commemoration in Russia are quite well known: deeds, donation books, memorial books with thousands of names for commemoration, among them the copies of the famous Sinodik opal´nykh, the “Memorial book of the Disgraced,” containing the long list of victims of the persecutions by Tsar IvanIV the Terrible...

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Zitierempfehlung

Online-Version

Ludwig Steindorff, « Desirable Ubiquity?  », Cahiers du monde russe [Online], 57/2-3 | 2016, Online erschienen am: 01 April 2019, Besucht am 20 November 2017. URL : http://monderusse.revues.org/8376

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Autor

Ludwig Steindorff

Christian‑Albrechts‑Universität zu Kiel, GermanyHistorisches Seminar, lsteindorff@oeg.uni‑kiel.de

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Urheberrechte

© École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris.

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